Hill Tribe Bag wi...
Hill Tribe Bag with Vintage Hmong Fabric and Leather Straps Origin: Thailand Tribe: Hmong Zipper...View
A Thai cultural heritage, Indigo dye is a natural dye extracted from plants. Many Asian countries have used indigo as a dye for centuries.
In Thailand, there are two species of indigo plant grown and used. One is indigofera tinctoria, known locally as Kraam which is most widely used. The other type, mostly grown in the hills, is known as strobilanthes flaccidifolius, known locally as Hom.
Four months after planting indigo seeds, the leaves start turning dark green which indicates a good quality. A powder is then extracted from the leaves through a multi-step process. The powder is then mixed with various other substances to produce different shades of blue and purple.
Ikat, or Ikkat, is a dyeing technique used to pattern textiles that employs a resist dyeing process on the yarns prior to dyeing and weaving the fabric.
In ikat the resist is formed by binding individual yarns or bundles of yarns with a tight wrapping applied in the desired pattern. The yarns are then dyed. The bindings may then be altered to create a new pattern and the yarns dyed again with another colour. This process may be repeated multiple times to produce elaborate, multicolored patterns. When the dyeing is finished all the bindings are removed and the yarns are woven into cloth. In other resist-dyeing techniques such as tie-dye and batik the resist is applied to the woven cloth, whereas in ikat the resist is applied to the yarns before they are woven into cloth. Because the surface design is created in the yarns rather than on the finished cloth, in ikat both fabric faces are patterned.